Exploring the dynamic changes between pulmonary and cutaneous sarcoidosis based on gene expression
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Sarcoidosis is a disease involving the growth of abnormal inflammatory granulomas and affecting multisystems. It has an unknown etiology. The lung and the skin are the most commonly involved organs. Although large amounts of research have focused on the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis, little is known about the link between cutaneous sarcoidosis and pulmonary sarcoidosis. Moreover, the gene expression profiles provide a novel way to find diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in pulmonary sarcoidosis and cutaneous sarcoidosis patients and to compare them to healthy individuals. DEGs and their biological functions are dynamically dysregulated, and several common disease-related genes and mutual disease progression-related genes were identified which linked pulmonary sarcoidosis and cutaneous sarcoidosis together. The biological functional pathways regulated by these DEGs may allow to define the common mechanism shared by different type of sarcoidosis, providing novel insight into the common pathogenesis of sarcoidosis and opening the way to the development of new therapeutic strategies.